Beranda » Posts tagged 'Turkey'
Arsip Tag: Turkey
Cappadocia lies in eastern Anatolia, in the center of what is now Turkey. The relief consists of a high plateau over 1000 m in altitude. The Cappadocia occupies an area of approximately 400 km east–west and 250 km north–south. Due to its inland location and high altitude, it has a continental climate, with hot dry summers and cold snowy winters. Rainfall is sparse and the region is largely semi-arid.
Cappadocia is a popular tourist destination, as it has many areas with unique geological, historic, and cultural features. It is located southwest of the major city Kayseri, which has airline and railroad (railway) service to Ankara and Istanbul.
Sedimentary rocks formed in lakes and streams and ignimbrite deposits that erupted from ancient volcanoes approximately 9 to 3 million years ago, during the late Miocene to Pliocene epochs, underlie the Cappadocia region. The rocks of Cappadocia near Göreme eroded into hundreds of spectacular pillars and minaret-like forms. People of the villages at the heart of the Cappadocia Region carved out houses, churches, and monasteries from the soft rocks of volcanic deposits. Göreme became a monastic center in 300—1200 AD.
Ankara is not the largest city but it is the capital of Turkey. In 2011, the city of Ankara had a population of 4,338,620. Ankara is an important crossroads of trade, strategically located at the centre of Turkey’s highway and railway networks. The city was famous for its long-haired Angora goat and its prized wool (mohair), a unique breed of cat (Angora cat), and the muscat grapes.
The historical center of Ankara is situated upon a rocky hill, which rises 150 m (492 ft) above the plain on the left bank of the Ankara Çayı, a tributary of the Sakarya (Sangarius) river, situated in one of the driest places of Turkey.
One most frequently visited spot by tourists in Ankara is Anıtkabir (see photo). It is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the leader of the Turkish War of Independence and the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. It is located in Ankara and was designed by architects Professor Emin Onat and Assistant Professor Ahmet Orhan Arda, whose proposal beat 48 other entries from several countries in a competition held by the Turkish Government in 1941 for a “monumental mausoleum” for Atatürk.
The Blue Mosque
The mosque is popularly known as the Blue Mosque for the dominant blue tiles of its interior walls. However, the formal name of the mosque is Sultan Ahmed Mosque. It is one of historical mosque in Istanbul. It was built from 1609 to 1616. Like many other mosques, it also comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrasah and a hospice. While still used as a mosque, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque has also become a popular tourist attraction. The design of the Sultan Ahmed Mosque is the culmination of two centuries of both Ottoman mosque and Byzantine church development. It incorporates some Byzantine elements of the neighboring Aya Sophia with traditional Islamic architecture. It has 6 minarets along with and 1 main dome one and 8 smaller domes.
The Aya Sophia
Also pronounce as The Haiga Sophia. This historical building was a church, later a mosque, and now a museum. From the date of its dedication in 360 until 1453, it served as the Greek Patriarchal cathedral of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931. It was opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.
The Blue Mosque and the Aya Sophia are located next to each other in the heart of Istanbul, Turkey.
These were some nice people that I captured on streets in Istanbul. Most of photos were snapped from a distance, since I preferred to capture them on their real daily activities. Little girl fed the pigeons, people waiting for green light to cross the street, a man cooks doner kebab captured through glass window, vendor of roasted chestnut on pedestrian walk, three sweet teenagers posing for me (this one is not a snap shot), shoeshine man waiting for customer, event advertisement on tricycle, and a man sharpening knifes.
Istanbul is not the capital city, but it is the largest city in Turkey, with population of more than 13.4 millions. It is among the world’s largest cities by population within city limits. Istanbul occupies vast area of 5,343 square kilometers. Istanbul is a transcontinental city, with one third of its population living in Asia but its commercial and historical center in Europe, splitted by the Bosphorus strait, connecting Marmara Sea and the Black Sea.
Istanbul is one of ten most visited tourist destination. In 2011, not less than 7 millions foreign visitors arrived in this historic city. There two famous historical buildings in Istanbul, i.e. the Aya Sophia and the Blue Mosque (will be posted later).