Anambas Regency was recently established based on Law 33/2008, used to be part of Natuna Regency. Its capital city is Tarempa. It is an archipelagic regency, consists of three major islands (Siantan, Matak, and Jemaja), surrounded by many smaller islands. Economic potentials of this regency include fishery, tourism, oil and natural gas.
Three major oil and gas companies are currently operating in this archipelago. More than 7.5 thousand tons fishes produced annually (captured and cultured) from this area, and mostly exported to Singapore, Hongkong, and Malaysia. Most valuable fish cultured in Anambas is Napoleon. Inspite of its maritime tourism potentials, this sector has not contibuted significantly to local economy. Mainly due to low accessibility, transportation infrastructures, and supporting facilities.