Global population is estimated to grow from 6.5 billion to 9 billion by 2050. Consequently, demand for food will also grown accordingly. However, since the mid 1980s, food productivity growth has fallen below the rate of population growth, from 2.8 to 1.1 percent per year.
It is not only about food, since it is estimated that 95 percent of all our food products require the use of oil. Furthermore, given the demand for liquid fuel and the depletion of global oil stocks, biofuels are likely to be promoted as a substitute for oil. Therefore, competition for land use in the coming decades was seen as being driven by two major objectives in achieving sustainable economic growth: the delivery of food and energy/materials in a post-fossil carbon economy.
In addition to technical availability in terms of soil, water, and climate; political, social, and technological factors have significantly shaped the competition for land in different global regions
In the future, any analysis requires an integrated approach to the food-energy-environment trilemma.
Strategic political direction of innovation and sustainability regulation are required to bring about major shifts in agriculture, leading to sustainable intensification of cultivation, rather than the continued expansion of cultivated area.
For students of the UNSRI-Mie University (Japan) Double Degree Program, please download copies of slide presentation and reading material for the tenth lecture of IFM 515 Food Situation Analysis Course to be delivered on 8 May 2012.
Students are encouraged to read the course materials prior to scheduled lecture.