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Planet Earth 21: Dresden


Dresden has a long history as the capital and royal residence for the Kings of Saxony, who for centuries enriched the city with cultural and artistic splendors. Aerial bombing towards the end of World War II killed thousands of civilians and destroyed the entire city center. The impact of the bombing and 40 years of urban development during the East German communist era have considerably changed the face of the city. Some restoration work has helped to reconstruct parts of the historic inner city, including the Katholische Hofkirche, the Semper Oper and the Dresdner Frauenkirche. Since the German reunification in 1990, Dresden has regained importance as one of the cultural, educational, political and economic centers of Germany.





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Planet Earth 20: Russian Ballet


Actual ballet dances developed in the 1700s by French dancers and choreographers such as Charles Didelot and Jean Dauberval. This was about the same time period in which ballerinas began to dance en pointe in specially strengthened shoes.

In Russia, Peter the Great decided to begin to evolve the arts in his country during the end of the 17th century. Artists from other countries were invited to Russia at this time to help modernize the country.

Jean Baptiste Lande was one of the first instructors of ballet and brought his students to Russia to perform for the Empress Anna. The students put on such a spectacle for the Empress that she decided to start a ballet school in Russia in 1738. This school was known as the Imperial Ballet School in St. Petersburg, and later became known as the Vaganova Academy under the direction of Agrippina Vaganova. Catherine the Great also started a ballet school at an orphanage in Moscow in the late 1700s.




Planet Earth 19: Wind Farm at Dardesheim, Germany


In 2006, Dardesheim had developed a 62 MW wind project comprising 28 Enercon E70s and one E112, a giant 6 MW turbine. The E112 alone is expected to produce from 12 to 15 million kWh per year, depending on wind condition, enough to fulfill the electrical needs of 4,000 households in this region of Germany. Altogether, the wind turbines will generate from 120 to 130 million kWh annually, enough to meet the needs of nearly 80,000 households.

To get idea on how huge the Enercon E112, you can compared its base with length of a bus parked nearby, shown in one of these photos. It height is 112 meters.





My Opinion 23: Menakar Ketahanan Pangan Nasional


Keberhasilan pembangunan ketahanan pangan tidak hanya bergantung pada keberhasilan meningkatkan produksi. Tetapi, perlu ditakar secara komprehensif berdasarkan tiga pilar utama, yakni produksi yang cukup, distribusi yang lancar dan merata, serta konsumsi pangan yang aman dan berkecukupan gizi bagi seluruh individu masyarakat.

Di antara ketiga pilar ini, upaya meningkatkan produksi selalu mendapat perhatian semua pihak, dibandingkan dengan dua pilar lainnya. Malah seolah-olah jika produksi sudah berhasil ditingkatkan melampaui kebutuhan pangan nasional, atau populer dikenal sebagai swasembada, maka perjuangan menuju tercapainya kondisi ketahanan pangan dianggap sudah berhasil dituntaskan.

Tercapainya swasembada pangan tidak otomatis berarti kondisi ketahanan pangan telah berhasil dicapai. Ketahanan pangan secara formal/legal didefinisikan sebagai kondisi terpenuhinya pangan bagi rumah tangga, yang tercermin dari tersedianya pangan yang cukup, baik jumlah maupun mutu, aman, merata, dan terjangkau (Undang-Undang Nomor 7 Tahun 1996 tentang Pangan) ….

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Planet Earth 18: Bio-energy at Jühnde Village – Germany


The core of the project is a biogas facility that ferments local raw materials such as rye, wheat, sunflowers, maize and liquid manure from farmers in the region and uses the resulting methane to produce electricity and heat in a small power plant. A local heat grid carries the energy to (at the moment) 142 households at Juhnde Village. In other words, more than 70 percent of Jühnde’s inhabitants use local bio-heat. Heat delivery to Jühnde began in September of 2005.

The power plant generates 4.500.000 kwh of electricity per year. Also it produces approximately 3.000.000 kwh of heat, which represents 67% of the annual heat demand of the Village. Is important to mention that farmers use slurry as a fertilizer, they have decreased the use of fertilizer by approximately 25%.





Planet Earth 17: Lieberose Photovoltaic Park


The Lieberose Photovoltaic Park is a solar photovoltaic power plant in Lieberose, Brandenburg, Germany. The solar park had assembled 560 000 thin-layer solar modules on 162 hectares former exercise terrain for troops. The power plant was fully on line in October 2009, is the largest solar power plant in Germany and the world’s third-largest, and will generate electricity of 53 MW for 15,000 households a year. The Lieberose Solar Park is operated by the Juwi Group, which has a 20-year contract on the land.

If Indonesia serious about developing and implementing ‘green technology’, then this is a good example!





Planet Earth 16: Leipzig at Night


Leipzig is situated about 200 km south of Berlin. After World War II, Leipzig became a major urban center within the Communist German Democratic Republic but its cultural and economic importance declined. Since the reunification of Germany, Leipzig has undergone significant change with the restoration of some historical buildings, the demolition of others, and the development of a modern transport infrastructure. Leipzig has many institutions and opportunities for culture and recreation including a football stadium, an opera house and one of the most modern zoos in Europe.

In 2010, Leipzig was ranked 68th in the world as a livable city, by consulting firm Mercer in their quality of life survey. Also in 2010, Leipzig was included in the top 10 of cities to visit by the New York Times.






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