There are many historical buildings around Asia Afrika Street in Bandung. Two well known historical buildings in this area are the Gedung Merdeka (may freely translated to the Independent Building) and the Savoy Homann Hotel. The First Asia-Africa Conference in 1955 was held in the Gedung Merdeka.
The Savoy Homann Hotel is believed as the first hotel in Bandung, constructed before 1908 and originally managed by Homann’s family of Germany. The original name was Grand Hotel Homann. In 1937-1939, this hotel was rebuilt by Albert Frederick Aalbers and since then physical structure and architecture of the hotel was maintained and relatively unchanged. Many international figures had stayed in this hotel, including head of Asian and African nations during the First Asia-Africa Conference in 1955.
Agriculture in inland swamps or locally known as ‘lebak’ is far less developed compared to irrigated paddy fields. Crop productivity is low and practiced agriculture is mostly traditional. Primary crop grown in this wetlands is rice, but recently local farmers also grow chili pepper during dry season with more developed agricultural practices, including use of water pumps to irrigate the crop. Most of the chili pepper growers are funded by businessman from outside the villages. Economic value of chili pepper is much higher that rice, especially during dry season. With similar funding scheme, some local farmers also raising local cows, locally known as ‘sapi bali’ and/or local catfish, known as ‘ikan patin’.
Sesungguhnya sudah tak dapat dipungkiri bahwa kemajuan perekonomian negara manapun di masa yang akan datang sangat tergantung pada kualitas SDM negara tersebut dan tingkat penguasaan teknologinya. Oleh sebab itu, pilihan untuk meningkatkan kualitas SDM dan memajukan iptek adalah strategi yang tepat. Namun perlu ditambahkan bahwa bukan hanya kualitasnya yang penting, tetapi juga harus mengawal secara ketat agar bidang keahlian SDM dan iptek yang dikembangkan relevan dengan realita kebutuhan dan/atau persoalan nyata yang dihadapi bangsa Indonesia. Jadi sasarannya jangan direduksi hanya untuk menambah jumlah engineer atau lulusan S3 semata, atau hanya fokus pada penguasaan teknologi ultra maju, tapi tidak relevan dengan kebutuhan dan persoalan nyata yang dihadapi untuk memajukan perekonomian bangsa dan kesejahteraan rakyat.
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Historically, almost all of Indonesian cities were established on sea shores or river banks, since the only transportation mode available at that time was water transportation. However, after land transportation (road and railways) were developed, water transportation slowly diminished, especially river transportation. Banjarmasin is one of the exception. River transportation is still a significant public transportation in this city. These pictures were captured at Martapura River, within the city of Banjarmasin.