Agriculture in inland swamps or locally known as ‘lebak’ is far less developed compared to irrigated paddy fields. Crop productivity is low and practiced agriculture is mostly traditional. Primary crop grown in this wetlands is rice, but recently local farmers also grow chili pepper during dry season with more developed agricultural practices, including use of water pumps to irrigate the crop. Most of the chili pepper growers are funded by businessman from outside the villages. Economic value of chili pepper is much higher that rice, especially during dry season. With similar funding scheme, some local farmers also raising local cows, locally known as ‘sapi bali’ and/or local catfish, known as ‘ikan patin’.
Indonesia 27: Swamp Agriculture at Pemulutan, South Sumatera