Roles of science and technology (S&T) on economic development have been well recognized. Almost all of (economically) developed countries have also strong S&T institutions. Scientific productivity of their universities and research centers are considerably high, followed by intensive technology development at their industries. Innovation system is no longer just a nice concept, but has become an effective tool for developing their economy. Exception to side-by-side S&T and economic developments may only be observed in oil and gas resource rich countries.
Awareness on significant contribution of S&T on economic development has significantly increased among policy makers, academicians, and business communities in Indonesia. Government of Indonesia has clearly stated that strengthening human resource and S&T were one of three main strategies for accelerating and expanding economic development, as indicated in the Master Plan of Indonesian Economic Development 2011-2025 (known as MP3EI). However, a lot of works have to be done in both sides of the coin: S&T and economic development.
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