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Monthly Archives: Januari 2013

Paper 26: Triumphing Food Security and Conserving Biodiversity


SONY DSCUnder the current scenario of rapid human population growth, achieving efficient and productive land use for food production while conserving biodiversity is a global challenge. Surely, Indonesia is also facing and should overcome this challenge.

At present, Indonesia is no longer self-sufficient in rice and highly dependent on import for other food commodities. Consequently, Government of Indonesia is pushing extra hard to increase food production, especially for rice. If it is not wisely planned and carefully executed, this effort might be achieved at expense of severe decline in biodiversity. It should also be noted that the one who will execute food production activities in the fields are our farmers. Majority of Indonesian farmers are poor and not adequately educated. Therefore, efforts to increase productivity may unintentionally create threat to local biodiversity.

Local government should also be directly and actively involved in monitoring food production activities; educating and guiding farmers during this process to minimize negative impacts to environment, including probable impact on biodiversity. It becomes clear that effort to balance between increasing food production and biodiversity protection cannot be downgraded only to technical aspects; government’s roles and farmer’s socio-economical capacity have to also be considered.

This paper will cover issues on urgency for increasing food production, responsibility for maintaining biodiversity, and other considerations associated with social capital and technology contribution.

Full paper can be downloaded here

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Paper 25: Connecting All The Dots: Challenges in Establishing Effective Innovation System in Indonesia


SONY DSCResearch and development (R&D) activities in Indonesia are mainly funded by government and conducted at universities and few public research institutions. Unfortunately, these R&D activities are mostly too academic and rarely focused on solving actual problems or providing relevant technologies for economic development and social welfare improvement. Public R&D institutions responsible for developing technologies for supporting national development also have drifted into academic mainstream. Meanwhile, in-house R&D at local industries is relatively inadequate and technology spillover from foreign industries is considerably low.

Indonesia had relied heavily on universities in technology development for more than half century. Meanwhile, the ‘ivory tower’ syndrome at Indonesian universities is still existent. These lead to two major problems: [1] mismatch between technology developed by universities and those needed for economic development and [2] wide gap between absorptive capacity of prospective users and investment required for adoption of the technologies. As obvious consequences, adoption of indigenous technologies by domestic industries or other users is low. Therefore, their contribution to economic growth and social welfare improvement has been insignificant.

Very low domestic technology adoption becomes a major obstacle in establishing national innovation system. Current R&D policy and its supporting sectors’ policies are clearly needed to be reexamined. During last few years, demand-driven approach in developing technologies has been encouraged in order to create more relevant and affordable technologies. It is recognized, however, that changing mindset of the academicians and researchers will not be an easy task, i.e. pulling them out of their comfort zone. Industries and other technology users have been urged to directly involve in identifying or pinpointing relevant technologies for economic and social development.

Technology policy will not be successful if not be upheld by favorable policies in other supporting sectors. Trade and industry strategies should be aligned with technology policy. Higher education and technology policies should also be synchronized in human development scenarios. In Indonesia, education and technology are administered by two different ministries.
At present, there are also regulations on catering incentives for business enterprises that financially support R&D activities; however, schemes of these incentives do not seem to be alluring from business’ perspective.

Formulating technology policy for establishing effective innovation system is not as simple and straight forward as some might imagine. Synchronized all supporting policies are absolutely needed in order to create conducive atmosphere for innovation system to flourish. So, it is not only about debottlenecking. It is more about connecting all the dots. This paper will explore strategies in formulating workable technology policy within intricacy of innovation ecosystem in Indonesia.

Full paper can be downloaded here

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Indonesia 41: Banjir Jakarta


17 Januari 2013 Jakarta banjir hampir merata di seluruh wilayahnya, termasuk untuk kawasan jalan protokol Sudirman-Thamrin. Banjir kali ini betul-betul membuat Jakarta lumpuh, sebagian besar perkantoran di kawasan yang terkena banjir diliburkan. Banjir kali ini juga memakan korban jiwa akibat ruang parkir di basement Gedung UOB tenggelam dipenuhi air, mengakibatkan beberapa orang terperangkap tak punya waktu menyelamatkan diri …

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Indonesia 40: Fresh Seafood in Balikpapan


Balikpapan bukan hanya kota minyak, tapi juga merupakan tempat yang pas dikunjungi untuk wisata makan, terutama pencinta seafood. Ikannya segar banget. Mungkin karena lokasinya di pantai Selat Makasar, sehingga ikan langsung dipasok dari tangkapan nelayan. Ada beberapa resto yang menyajikan seafood di Balikpapan. Ini contoh salah satunya.

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Jajak Pendapat 03: Kesan anda terhadap prioritas institusi pendidikan tinggi Indonesia saat ini


Ada dorongan untuk meningkatkan persentase penduduk Indonesia yang berhasil menyelesaikan pendidikan formal sampai jenjang S1, sehingga setara dengan komposisi penduduk negara-negara maju. Selain itu, mungkin pula ada motivasi lain untuk meningkatkan jumlah lulusan pada beberapa perguruan tinggi.

Ada juga upaya beberapa perguruan tinggi Indonesia untuk menjadi ‘world class university’, yang tentunya hanya bisa dicapai dengan memperbaiki kualitas penyelenggaraan pendidikannya yang akan tercermin juga pada kualitas lulusannya.

Ada pula keluhan bahwa lulusan pendidikan tinggi saat ini tak siap untuk kerja dan/atau bidang keahliannya tidak sesuai dengan yang dibutuhkan dunia kerja dan/atau kebutuhan pembangunan, sehingga dulu pernah ada kebijakan link-and-match.

Intinya ada 3 isu besar, yakni meningkatkan PRODUKTIVITAS, memperbaiki KUALITAS, atau menyerasikan RELEVANSI keahlian lulusan dengan kebutuhan nyata.

Bagaimana menurut anda, apa yang menjadi program utama dari kebanyakan perguruan tinggi di Indonesia pada saat ini? — (Bukan kondisi idealnya yang perlu dilakukan oleh perguruan tinggi).

Mohon partisipasinya pada jajak pendapat ini.
Atas waktu yang diluangkan dan kontribusi pendapatnya, kami mengucapkan terima kasih.

Sisipan 15: benyaminlakitan.com 2012 in review


The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2012 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

4,329 films were submitted to the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. This blog had 15,000 views in 2012. If each view were a film, this blog would power 3 Film Festivals

Click here to see the complete report.

Sisipan 14: Kepodang (Oriolus chinensis)


Burung Kepodang (Oriolus chinensis) merupakan burung berkicau yang berukuran sedang, panjang mulai ujung ekor hingga paruh berkisar 25 cm. Mempunyai bulu yang indah berwarna kuning keemasan sedang bagian kepala,sayap dan ekor ada sebagian bulu yang berwarna hitam. Ciri khas burung Kepodang adalah terdapatnya garis hitam melewati mata dan tengkuk. Iris mata burung Kepodang berwarna merah sedangkan paruhnya berwarna merah jambu dan kedua kakinya berwarna hitam. Burung Kepodang yang ditetapkan sebagai maskot (fauna identitas) provinsi Jawa Tengah ini mempunyai siulan seperti bunyi alunan seruling. Burung Kepodang ini dalam bahasa Inggris disebut dengan Black Naped Oriole.

Foto dibawah ini merupakan karya fotografi saya yang terpilih sebagai Pemenang Harapan pada Lomba Foto Satwa 2007 yang diselenggarakan oleh Taman Safari Indonesia.

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