Paper 31 : Inclusive and Sustainable Management of Suboptimal Lands for Productive Agriculture in Indonesia
There are uncountable research activities and technology development efforts have been carried out in Indonesia; however, very limited economically and/or socially beneficial technologies have been created. Very few indigenous technologies have been used in producing goods and providing services, including in agricultural sector. This problem is rooted on facts that most of the technologies developed are not relevant to real needs and/or problems of domestic farmers. Even if the technologies are substantially relevant; in many cases, they are not finacially affordable by domestic farmers, do not significantly increase profit if used, and/or less competitive compared to similar available technologies in the market. Limited availability of resources, at present and even more scarse in the future, elevates expectation on technology to contribute in establishing inclusive, productive, and sustainable agricultural development. To assure that developed technology will be relevant to the needs and contribute to agricultural development, farmers ought to be play significant active roles during priority setting, planning, and developing the technology. The real issues at present are increase in food demand as consequence of population growth and conversion of arable lands for uses in other sectors. These trends have led to intensifying agricultural activities on suboptimal lands. Efforts to increase agricultural productivity in suboptimal lands should not jeopardize sustainable function of the ecosystem and participation of local farmers. Sustainability and inclusivity should be maintained while increasing productivity. Traditional knowledge and local wisdom have to be treated as reference for developing technology for establishing productive agriculture on suboptimal lands.
Full paper can be seen and downloaded here –> Benyamin Lakitan – Inclusive and Sustainable Management of Suboptimal Lands for Productive Agriculture in Indonesia
Managing suboptimal wetlands for productive, inclusive, yet sustainable agriculture is very challenging. At present, local community manages this wetland for cultivating rice and few other adaptable crops, catching fishes and other aquatic biotas from public waters, and raising livestock (duck and buffalo). Rice-centered agriculture, as commonly practiced by local farmers, seems to be not very promising. Recently, Government of Indonesia encourages establishment of bioindustry-oriented agribusiness. Transforming current traditional agriculture into bioindustry-oriented agribusiness should be executed by gradually inserting newly introduced practices while continuing traditional ones so that local community will not be left behind. The transformation requires capacity in absorbing and implementing some relevant technologies such as fermentation and biorefinery. Targeted products of bioindustry might be started with simpler and familiar products such as processed animal feed and organic fertilizers, fermented foods and drinks, biofuels at time it is economically feasible, and finally move forward to more sophisticated biorefinery industries.
Full paper can be seen and downloaded here –> 20140916 Sustainable Management of SubOptimal Wetlands for Strengthening BioIndustry in Indonesia – Edited